Primus inter pares

    The University history

    I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University is the first and the oldest medical school in Russia tracing its history from the medical faculty of Moscow Imperial University founded in 1758.

    Having passed the path of glory I.M. Sechenov First MSMU enriched national and world science with many distinguished scientists and significant discoveries, and brought up thousands of physicians devoted to their work.

    Many of the University alumni have been recognized internationally for their outstanding contribution to global medicine and other spheres. Botkin S.P., Korsakoff S.S., Pirogov N.N., Sechenov I.M., Sklifosovsky N.V., and Chekhov A.P. are the most renowned.

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    The history of First MSMU is tightly connected with the history of medical education and healthcare in Russia. The University is a cradle of most national medical schools and scientific medical societies, first medical journals, guidebooks and manuals.

    Chronicle

    1755

    Inauguration of the Imperial Moscow University (Moscow State University since 1917)

    1758

    First lectures at the IMU medical faculty

    1764

    Beginning of continuous lecturing at the medical faculty

    1768

    S.G. Zybelin and P.D. Veniaminov, first Russian professors at the medical faculty

    1791

    Imperial Moscow University was granted a right of conferring a Doctor of Medicine degree

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    1794

    F.I. Barsuk-Moiseev was the first to be conferred with a Doctor of Medicine degree after defending the thesis entitled About Breathing

    1805

    Opening of the first teaching hospitals at Nikitskaya street

    1806

    Publication of the first issue of the Medical and Physical Journal

    1812

    Professors, lecturers, and students of the IMU medical faculty took part in the Patriotic War of 1812. The buildings, books and manuals of the faculty were burnt away

    1820

    Completion of restoration of the faculty buildings burnt in fire of 1812. Opening of the Clinic Institute

    1826

    Beginning of practical studies for students at the Old Ekaterinian Hospital

    1842

    V.A. Basov was the first to perform an operation for artificial fistula in animals

    1887-1897

    Construction of the University Campus on Devichye Pole comprising 15 teaching hospitals and institutes

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    1891

    Ivan M. Sechenov was elected professor of the Chair of Physiology

    1897

    The 12th International Congress of Physicians was held at the IMU medical faculty

    1920

    Scientists of the medical faculty took part in the First Congress on the Higher Medical Education Reform

    1925

    Establishment of a postgraduate course at the medical faculty

    1926

    Beginning of practice for fourth-year students

    1930

    Reorganization of the medical faculty of Moscow State University into First Moscow Medical Institute (First MMI), an independent higher medical institution with two faculties, the therapeutic prophylactic faculty and the sanitary and prophylactic (sanitary and hygienic since 1935) faculty

    1933

    Foundation of the Central Research Laboratory

    1940

    Decree of the USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium on awarding First MMI with an Order of Lenin. Changing the First MMI abbreviation into First MOLMI

    1941-1945

    Professors, lecturers, and students of First MOLMI took part in the Great Patriotic War

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    1955

    First MOLMI was named after I.M. Sechenov

    1958

    Moscow Pharmaceutical Institute was transformed into the Faculty of Pharmacy of I.M. Sechenov First MOLMI

    1959

    Organization of the evening faculty of medicine (2nd faculty of medicine since 1969)

    1963

    Dr. B. Egorov, I.M. Sechenov First MOLMI graduate, became a member of the Voskhod spacecraft crew

    1989

    Organization of the Faculty of Advanced Training for Physicians (nowadays Postgraduate Professional Training of Physicians)

    1990

    Establishment of the Faculty of Training of Research and Teaching Staff.

    On the Resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical Institute was raised to I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy of the USSR Ministry of Public Health

    1991

    Establishment of the Faculty of Higher Nursing Training

    1993

    Establishment of the Faculty of Preventive Medicine for Postgraduate Professional Training

    1996

    Establishment of the Faculty of Health Care Management

    1998

    The 1st and the 2nd faculties of medicine were united into a single Faculty of Medicine

    2001

    Establishment of the Faculty of Dentistry

    2008

    Celebration of the 250-year history. The University is awarded a Platinum Uncia 2008

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    2010

    I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy was granted a status of the University and has changed its name into I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

    2012

    Nobel Prize winner Barry J. Marshall has been entitled the Professor Emeritus of I.M. Sechenov First MSMU